Employment continued to trend up in professional and business services and in health care, while construction employment changed little in May (+4,000), following an increase of 30,000 in April.
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.3%), adult women (3.2%), teenagers (12.7%), Whites (3.3%), Blacks (6.2%), Asians (2.5%), and Hispanics (4.2%) showed little or no change in May. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)
In May, the number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks increased by 243,000 to 2.1 million, following a decline in April. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more), at 1.3 million, changed little over the month and accounted for 22.4% of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)
Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.8%, and the employment-population ratio, at 60.6%, were unchanged in May.
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) declined by 299,000 in May to 4.4 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. Over the past 12 months, the number of involuntary part-time workers has declined by 565,000.
The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for March was revised down from +189,000 to +153,000, and the change for April was revised down from +263,000 to +224,000. With these revisions, employment gains in March and April combined were 75,000 less than previously reported.
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