US Freight Cycle Near Bottom as Capacity Begins to Tighten

According to the latest release of the ACT Research’s Freight Forecast, U.S. Rate and Volume Outlook report, the freight cycle remains clearly weak but there are rays of light at the end of the tunnel. ACT said tightly intertwined supply and demand dynamics in the freight market are beginning to recover with demand fundamentals improving and capacity starting to tighten.

“With produce season arriving late this year and the freight market likely passing the peak of the destock, freight demand is near the bottom,” Tim Denoyer, vice president and senior analyst at ACT Research, said. “With inflation easing, improving real income trends will allow for a bit more holiday spending this year, when even less destocking will mean more freight volume.

“Interstate operating authorities are contracting at a record rate, with about 11,000 net revocations since last October, including about 1,600 net revocations in April. Total revocations were about 10,800 in April, near record levels, though grants and reinstatements are also elevated. This is beginning to tighten capacity, which will also help spot rates find the bottom and begin to rise.”

“Long-distance trucking employment is also contracting, as long-haul trucking jobs declined by 8,700 jobs in Q1/23, or 1%,” Denoyer said. “While still up 3% year-over-year in that latest March data point, the series will be down on a year-over-year basis by June on its current level. Since trends in employment follow trends in freight rates, long-haul jobs are set to decline this year.

“The intersection of additional volume and tightening capacity underpins our forecast for a near-term bottom in spot truckload rates. We’ve been expecting the bottom roughly around this month since we introduced 2023 spot rate forecasts 16 months ago, and we still think Roadcheck this week will help usher in a new freight cycle.”

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